Monday, May 25, 2020

The Kallipolis Justice and Ideals - 1888 Words

More than two-thousand years have elapsed since Plato wrote what many consider his most famous work, Republic. To this day, students and scholars alike grapple with the challenging philosophical issues presented therein. The thematic crux of the work lies in the nature of justice. In defining this slippery concept, Socrates details the structure and workings of what he considers a truly just city, the kallipolis. There are those who would say that this kallipolis may be equated to a utopia, an ideal society; however, I intend to illustrate a much divergent point of view. The justice of this city, made analogous to the justice of the individual, is specifically what precludes the kallipolis from being an ideal society. For this†¦show more content†¦So effective is the education of the guardians that they fear not even death. In stark contrast to the guardians lie the producers or commoners. They serve to represent the appetitive part of the soul, and as such, are rule d from within by their own appetites. For this very reason, they are specialized to participate in economic activity. Plato goes to great pains later on to show that the least desirable existence, from both a political and individual standpoint, may be found in rule by appetite. Since the soul of the producer cannot be just, a producer cannot live a perfect life. By the presence of even one individual living a less than perfect existence, the kallipolis cannot be qualified as ideal. Plato might argue that the producers are ruled by reason on a political level and are thus compelled toward true opinion and, therefore, a de facto just life; however, the producers are still denied the perfect existence because they are made just in their actions via external means rather than from within. The guardians compel the producers to act justly in two ways, the first and much more straightforward method being physical coercion. The legitimacy of the city government allows the guardians to exert violence upon the citizens when injustice is done. Out of fear of the guardians power, the producers are made to actShow MoreRelatedWhat Is Justice? Plato s Republic1475 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is justice? In Plato’s Republic, this question is asked between Socrates and other conversationalists. In the beginning of this work, many different definitions of justice are debated. However, to provide clarity, Socrates proposes that, instead of discussing what justice is, the y should apply the term holistically and try to imagine justice in an â€Å"ideal city.† From this, the city of Kallipolis was created. Prior to Kallipolis being thought of, the idea of the first city, or the â€Å"City of Pigs†Read MoreSparta And Kallipolis An Analysis Of The Ideal Citizen1313 Words   |  6 PagesSparta and Kallipolis — an analysis of the ideal citizen Over the course of history there have been several attempts at defining what it means to be the ideal person, and by extension how to create an ideal society. In doing so, several characteristics are generally defined, some of which are courage, moderation and self control. The concept of courage has been fluid in its meaning but has been highly valued across ancient Greece. In this paper I will be observing two societies and the ideals that theyRead More The White Lie Essay1057 Words   |  5 Pagesthat any lie is one that should not be made. No matter what individuals have to say about lies, Socrates feels that it is necessary to create a noble lie so that his vision of the just state, or kallipolis, can be created. The Myth of the Metals, Socrates myth, in no way contradicts his definition of justice in The Republic. The so-called noble lie that Socrates puts together is called the Myth of the Metals. This is created to explain to those in the city the reason for their class position. ItRead MoreThe Nature Of Justice In Platos Myth Of Er1418 Words   |  6 Pagespurpose in Republic, one of his major philosophical works, is to explore and defend justice. After discussing the nature of justice and imagining an ideal city-state, Plato introduces the Myth of Er which tells of what happens to a soul after death. In the myth, a man named Er is chosen to bring the story of the dead back to the living. The Myth of Er is Plato’s last attempt to convince others of the profits of justice and lend legitimacy of his previous claims. It gives Republic a purpose by describingRead MoreAnalysis Of Plato s Republic And Aristotle s Politics1375 Words   |  6 Pagesfor the former and a virtuous one for the latter. Plato describes the Kallipolis—the ideal city for the ancient Greeks—in his Republic. The Kallipolis prides itself on abiding by the truth of justice, which Plato defines as a citizen â€Å"doing one’s one work† that fits his character (Plato 119). By doing one’s own work, the citizen is contributing to the greater good of society, which Plato coins as the ultimate key to justice—accordingly, the â€Å"better [will be ruling] the worse, [which] is to be describedRead MoreEssay on Platos Republic Justified1084 Words   |  5 PagesSocrates leads a discussion with his fellow philosophers attempting to isolate the concept of justice in the soul. In order to accomplish this task, they hypothesize that justice can occur both in the city as well as and the soul. Because the philosophers are more familiar with the workings of a city than the soul, they try to find justice by creating the ideal city, or Kallipolis. When they find justice in the ideal city, they are able to apply as well as justify the use of that same concept in the soulRead MoreThe Soul And Consciousness Of Revolutionary Politics1482 Words   |  6 PagesThe Soul and Consciousness of Revolutionary Politics Steven Umbrello Table of Contents I Introduction 3 II The Soul and the Essence 3 III Justice and Revolutionary Consciousness 5 IV Degeneration and Global Revolution (ideology) 6 V Psychology of Political Duty and Freedom 7 VI Conclusion 7 VII Bibliography 8 I In this short paper I will be comparing and contrasting the political psychologyRead MoreA Central Question Of Government : Who Should Rule1861 Words   |  8 Pagesdeconstruct and solve a central question of government: who should rule. In tackling the quandary of justice, he considers the ideal polis or kallipolis, a collective unit of self-government, and the relationship between the structure of the Republic and its attainment. Plato pontificates that philosopher-kings should be the ultimate authority, they possess special knowledge, which is required to rule the kallipolis successfully and optimise the happiness of its citizens. Plato argues that â€Å"there will be noRead MorePersonal Philosophy : Al Farabi1684 Words   |  7 Pagesto Plato. Plato’s Republic is slightly similar to Al Farabi in the way they categorize philosophy and their concepts of justice. Al Farabi thought that philosophy was both a theoretical and practical discipline. The philosophers who do not apply this to practical reasons are referred to as futile philosophers. Al Farabi also talks about what he calls the ideal society. The ideal society is defined as a society directed towards the realization of true happiness. What this means in philosophical termsRead MoreThe Dichotomy Of Justice In Platos The Republic1752 Words   |  8 PagesThe Dichotomy of Justice In Plato’s The Republic, he defines justice by comparing it to a harmony between people within a society. Highlighting there are virtues that embody the idea of justice, Plato encompasses that there are several virtues to the actions of being just as he examines deductive reasoning through Socrates’s conversations with his students. Similarly in Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics, he strictly defines lawfulness to being just and unlawfulness to being unjust. Aristotle, a

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Correction s Portfolio Paper Corrections - 1806 Words

Correction’s Portfolio Paper Tyler Dennis 12/10/16 Intro to Corrections Corrections, when seen as the control and punishment of convicted offenders, has been an important part of organized society from the earliest days of civilization. It has not always had a proud past, however. Important changes in correctional practice began around the time of the American Revolution when the purposes of criminal punishments were closely examined by influential reformers. Only within the past 30 years have thorough corrections experts begun to embrace the concept of professionalism, ethics, a sense of high purpose, a personal long-term commitment, a respect for the fundamental humanity of those supervised, and widely agreed-upon principles and standards that guide the daily work of correctional personnel. Today is an age in which the lofty goals of corrections professionalism will take their place alongside the more traditional components of a still-developing field. Most criminal justice systems have five key aspects-law enforcement, prosecution, defense attorneys, courts, and corrections, each playing a key role in the criminal justice process. Law enforcement officers file reports for crimes that happen in their areas. Officers investigate crimes that have been committed or are about to happen and gather and protect evidence. Law enforcement officers arrest offenders, give testimony throughout the court process, and conduct follow-up investigations if necessary. IShow MoreRelatedPermanent And Temporary Components Of Stock Prices Using The Vector Error Correction Estimation Method882 Words   |  4 PagesThis paper reexamines the permanent and temporary components of stock prices using the vector error correction estimation method. Fama and French (1988) show that a slow ‘mean reverting component’ adjusts stock prices by constructing decile portfolios by firm size. In this context, I would like to propose the model that able to consider dynamic time-varying component and long term stable component at the same time. â€Æ' 1. Introduction Fama and French (1988) introduce that there is a slow mean revertingRead MoreWhy Do We Use Portfolios As An Assessment?1693 Words   |  7 Pages Why do we use portfolios as an assessment ? Student assessment portfolios promote positive student involvement. As students create their portfolios, they are actively involved in and reflecting on their own learning. This means that the teacher can individualize instruction for the student. Portfolios are a form of alternative/authentic assessment in which a student s progress is measured over a period of time in various language learning contexts. Portfolios can include evidence of specificRead MoreApplying The Two Step Testing Procedure For Asset Pricing Model751 Words   |  4 PagesIn order to test the validity of the CAPM, we have applied the two-step testing procedure for asset pricing model as proposed by Fama and Macbeth (1973) in their seminal paper. Time-series Regression Preliminary beta estimation Using time series regression on the monthly returns we have estimated the beta coefficient for each stock. Using the market model of CAPM i.e., regressing each stock’s monthly returns against the market index (Nifty100) we have estimated individual stock beta’s. R_it-ã€â€"RRead MoreFoundations And Other Not For Profit Organizations1178 Words   |  5 Pagesspeculate about how much bubble paper finds its way into the these portfolios, but nearly all of them are managed by the major brokerage firms, and all such firms bonus their brokers on the basis of product sales. It is not uncommon for Wall Street to re-write the syllabus for Investments 101, redefining quality, diversification, and income to suit its own dark purposes... If you were to look back at your foundation/endowment/not-for-profit portfolio of the late 90 s, how much was invested in NASDAQRead MoreEssay on Current Account Deficits1077 Words   |  5 Pagesno fundamental reasons to justify a significant fall in the value of the dollar† (p. 212). Bertaut, Kamin, and Thomas (2009) observe that â€Å"with the real multilateral dollar about 25 percent below its 2002 peak and the deficit reduced, no further correction of the U.S. current account may be necessary† (p. 597). Consequently, world economists in this context support the proposition that the United States unique position in the world economy allows the country to safely run persistent external deficitsRead MoreHedge Funds And Hedge Fund1535 Words   |  7 Pagesfactors. In their paper, Hedge Funds with style, Brown and Goetzmann (2001) have described the most popular strategies used by hedge funds and furthermore they have tried explaining the impact of the different styles on performance. They looked at the performance of each strategy, from 1989 to 2000, and learned that the choice of style impacts returns circa 20 percent of the time. This would in turn have an effect on the risk-return trade off, stressing how crucial the fund s style and managementRead More The Wealth Effect Essay3894 Words   |  16 Pagesback investment. Second, the recent correction has put many stock options underwater, and it is unclear to what extent workers will bargain for more cash in place of options and how this might affect payroll costs and inflation. Third, the factors dragging down stock prices typically spur investors to demand higher risk premiums, which boosts the cost of financing business investment. This takes the form of increased spreads of corporate bo nd and commercial paper interest rates relative to TreasuryRead MoreAnalysis Of Walmart Stock Prices Over A Two Year Period1653 Words   |  7 Pagesto how accurate the forecast can be even when using pass data. This research paper aims to forecast Walmart stock prices over a two year period. But because stock prices are more substantial when they are presented either in monthly or weekly data, the paper will be forecasting over two years but on a monthly basis i.e. Walmart stock prices is forecasted over a 24 month period. Before we get into details about the paper, Walmart is one of the largest retail stores in the US with branches in otherRead MoreThe Impact of Macroeconomic Instability on the Banking Sector7782 Words   |  32 Pagesprimarily at investigating the impact of macroeconomic instability on banking sector lending behaviour in Nigeria using data on commercial banks and macroeconomic instability from 1986 to 2005. Our results under the Co-integration and Vector Error Correction Modeling framework show that bank lending has a long-run relationship with macroeconomic instability. The study therefore, recommends that while banks should pay adequate attention to the consequences of their firm specific characteristics in theirRead More The Use of Technology in Classrooms Essay1685 Words   |  7 Pagesfoundation that links individuals and groups around the world instantaneously is the Internet. Computers can also allow students to use learning styles that they prefer. Allowing them to gain k nowledge of the subject at their own pace, with instant correction, explanation, as well as reinforcement. These advantages to technology are advancing even more as time goes by. While researching I also noticed that computers are often used for presentations in the classroom. Students use software programs

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Math free essay sample

At the end of each unit, DB participation will be assessed based on both level of engagement and the quality of the contribution to the discussion. At a minimum, each student will be expected to post an original and thoughtful response to the DB question and contribute to the weekly dialogue by responding to at least two other posts from students. The first contribution must be posted before midnight (Central Time) on Wednesday of each week. We will write a custom essay sample on Math or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Two additional responses are required after Wednesday of each week. Students are highly encouraged to engage on the Discussion Board early and often, as that is the primary way the university tracks class attendance and participation. The purpose of the Discussion Board is to allow students to learn through sharing ideas and experiences as they relate to course content and the DB question. Because it is not possible to engage in two-way dialogue after a conversation has ended, no posts to the DB will be accepted after the end of each week. A grandmother is looking for a plan to finance her new grandchild’s college education. She has $50,000 to invest. Search the internet and locate a long-range investment plan, CD, Savings Bond, etc, for the grandmother. The plan is to earn compound interest. Calculate the future value of the investment. You must use the advertised interest rate, the number of compounding periods per year, and the time the funds will be invested. If you are not given the number of compounding periods a year, make it up. 1. The principal is $50,000. This is P. 2. Research the annual interest rate for your investment. This is r. 3. State the time in years for the investment (as in when the new grandchild will be attending college). This is t. 4. State the number of compounding periods per year. This is n. 5. Model the future value of Grandma’s investment as an exponential function, with time as the independent variable: F(t) = P(1 + r/n) nt 6. State the future value of Grandma’s investment. 7. Use the internet or library resources to find the average cost of a college education today; will grandma’s investment be able to cover the cost in today’s dollars; what about in the future? 8. Summarize your findings in writing using proper style and grammar. 9. Include references formatted according to APA style. 10. Respond to a classmate’s posting. If you think there may be an error, feel free to help your classmate without providing the correct answer. Otherwise, analyze the post in comparison to yours or add new information to the discussion. In your own words, please post a response to the Discussion Board and comment on other postings. You will be graded on the quality of your postings. For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials. | | Math free essay sample If for example the digits | |drawn are 3,6,1 and 2, create a multiplication quiz such as 36 X 12 and ask if any of the students knows how to solve it. Some students may have an idea of how| |to solve it. At this point, some students may know the algorithm but might not have knowledge of the Place Value. | |Tell students that the objective of this class is multiplying two-digit numbers and understanding Place Value in the computation of integers. | |Tell the students what the numerals in the two-digit numbers (36 and 12) represent: 3 and 1 represent tens, while 6 and 2 represent ones. | |Demonstrate how a two-digit multiplication is carried out by multiplying ones times ones, then ones times tens and then adding the products. For example; | | | | | |3 | |6 | | | |x | |1 | |2 | | | | | |7 | |2 | | |3 | |6 | |   | | | |4 | |3 | |2 | | | | | | | |Teacher Modeling | |The teacher will repeat a few examples and ask volunteers to explain | |The teacher will then write three simple quizzes and two relatively complex quizzes in the chart. We will write a custom essay sample on Math or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Every student should correctly do the simple quizzes while the| |complex quizzes will be done in groups. | | | | | | | | |Quizzes to be done individually: | | | |3 | |6 | | | | | |4 | |7 | | | | | |5 | |0 | | |x | |1 | |2 | | | |x | |1 | |2 | | | |x | |1 | |2 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Quizzes to be in groups: | | | |3 | |6 | | | | | |4 |7 | | | |x | |4 | |7 | | | |x | |5 | |0 | | | | | | | |Children’s Literature Selection | |McElligot, Matthew. (2009). The Lion’s Share. London: A C Black | |The teacher will reread the book, this time going through each multiplication contained in the story in detail. Occassionally, the teacher might substitute the | |figures in the table with new figures to gauge the understanding of regrouping by the students. | |Guided Student Practice: | |The student will be provided with pencils and papers on which to perform their computations. Groups that have parformed well will be required to assist groups | |that are lagging behind. | |Independent Student Practice: Students who grasp concepts faster are assigned even more challenging/ complex quizzes. Students lagging behind attended to | |individually by the teacher. |Closure: â€Å"In today’s class we have been taught how to multiply two-digit numbers and have learnt, Value Place and regrouping of ones, tens, hundreds and | |thousands. † Students who have successfully completed quiz visit the site www. multiplication. com/games and play interactactive multi plication games to reinforce | |knowledge acquisition. | | Summative Assessment: | |Students assigned homework of 5 relatively more complex multiplication if they successfully completed class assignments. Students correct areas they have done | |wrongly in class assignments using conspicuous markers. | |LESSON REFLECTION | |Describe the outcome of the lesson. | | |There was an apparent understanding of the two-digit multiplication concepts; regrouping of ones into tens and tens into hundreds. | |Describe student performance and state the number of students who achieved the objective on the pre-test and the post-test (Summative Assessment). | | | |Pre-Test: Majority of the students successfully completed the pre-test assignments (13 out of 16). | | | |Post Test: 2 students (out of the three who could not complete the pre-test) scored 2 out of 5 in the class assignment; 1 student got 3 out of 5; 4 scored 4 out| |of 5; and 9 students got everything correct. |Describe an alternative approach for this lesson | | | |For the three students who fail ed to meet the target, ‘refresher’ lessons in multiplication concepts might be required. This might involve a closer one-to-one | |sessions with the underperforming students | |Describe an appropriate lesson to follow this lesson. | | | |Regrouping during multiplication of numbers with decimals | DO NOT ASSIGN HOMEWORK unless the students demonstrate mastery. The parents are important in the lives of their children, but YOU are the teacher.

Friday, April 10, 2020

The Patriot historically accurate free essay sample

Tarletons mounted legion wore green (Fischer. Hackett). Overall. the film did not portray British soldiers accurately, making them seem cruel to an extreme. Additionally, the film got wrong the way in which people during the Revolutionary War saluted one another. The film shows the protagonist, Ben Martin, raising a hand to his forehead. resembling the modern days salute. In reality though, during the Revolutionary War. ople saluted by removing their hats and placing them on their heads once again (Hand Salute). This being a small detail but still being worth noticing. Moreover, the film depicts Benjamin Martin inaccurately by making him an honorable, loving father Of seven children who iS only looking for vengeance for both Of his sons deaths. The character Sen]arnin Martin iS based on a real life historical figure, Francs Marion (Loya, Robert). Francis Marion was an American Revolutionary soldier who fought using guerilla tactics. We will write a custom essay sample on The Patriot historically accurate? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He disrupted antish line of communication, captured scouting and foraging parties, and intimidated loyalists. Marion also had nickname, the swamp Fox because he had a tendency of disappearing Into swamps to escape antish troops (Francis Marion). This all sounds exceedingly similar to Benjamin who did the same things and whose nick was the Ghost because he attacked British troops and disappeared and was never seen. In fact an article from the website theguardlan states that when he wasnt forging the land ot the tree, It seems that Marion was slaughtering Indians for fun and regularly raping his female slaves. unsurprisingly. The Patriot script elected to gloss wer this aspect of Its protagonists life. For these reasons the film did not do a good job of portraying Benjamin Martin. If Martin was based on Marion then it was not correct because in no moment in the film does Martin kill an Indian. The relationship between the tilm and the society ot the time in which the tilm was made is that on April 10, 1998, Britain and Ireland made an agreement to end the war. Northern Ireland was ceded by England after the Irish War of Independence ended (Keko, Don). It is probable that the producers of the film were inspired by the Irish War of Independence to make a film about the American War of Independence. My opinion of the film is that aside from the multiple historical inaccuracies in the film, the film was able to capture the attention of its viewers persistently. Many elements made this an entertaining film. For instance, the visual elements such as the battlefields special effects. Also the romance, the faith, the hope, the honor, and the triumph made this a captivating film. This film had a lot of criticism, but people need to face the fact that this is not a historical documentary, and that it is Just entertainment. Yes the films setting is in the past, yes the film is about the Revolutionary War, and yes it deals with history, but that does not automatically make it a documentary. I would definitely recommend this to another student. The film The Patriot is not historically accurate. In fact, it is doubtful if the purpose of the film was to be historically accurate. It is most likely it was for sheer entertainment. Nevertheless, the film did not portray British soldiers, the way people saluted one another and the protagonist Benjamin Martin accurately. For these reasons is why it remains impossible to call it historically accurate. Works Cited Fischer, Hackett. Hubris, But No History.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Major General Robert E. Rodes - American Civil War

Major General Robert E. Rodes - American Civil War Robert E. Rodes - Early Life Career: Born March 29, 1829 in Lynchburg, VA, Robert Emmett Rodes was the son of David and Martha Rodes.   Raised in the area, he elected to attend the Virginia Military Institute with an eye towards a military career.   Graduating in 1848, ranked tenth in a class of twenty-four, Rodes was asked to remain at VMI as an assistant professor.   Over the next two years he taught a variety of subjects including physical science, chemistry, and tactics.   In 1850, Rodes departed the school after failing to secure a promotion to professor.   This instead went to his future commander, Thomas J. Jackson. Traveling south, Rodes found employment with a series of railroads in Alabama.   In September 1857, he married Virginia Hortense Woodruff of Tuscaloosa.   The couple would ultimately have two children.   Serving as the chief engineer of the Alabama Chattanooga Railroad, Rodes held the post until 1861.   With the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter and beginning of the Civil War that April, he offered his services to the state of Alabama.   Appointed colonel of the 5th Alabama Infantry, Rodes organized the regiment at Camp Jeff Davis in Montgomery that May. Robert E. Rodes - Early Campaigns: Ordered north, Rodes regiment served in Brigadier General Richard S. Ewells brigade at the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21.   Recognized by General P.G.T. Beauregard as an excellent officer, Rodes received a promotion to brigadier general on October 21.   Assigned to Major General Daniel H. Hills division, Rodes brigade joined General Joseph E. Johnstons army in early 1862 for the defense of Richmond.   Operating against Major General George B. McClellans Peninsula Campaign, Rodes first led his new command in combat at the Battle of Seven Pines on May 31.   Mounting a series of attacks, he sustained a wound in his arm and was forced from the field.    Ordered to Richmond to recover, Rodes rejoined his brigade early and led it at the Battle of Gaines Mill on June 27.   Not fully healed, he was force to leave his command a few days later prior to the fighting at Malvern Hill.   Out action until late that summer, Rodes returned to the Army of Northern Virginia as General Robert E. Lee commenced his invasion of Maryland. On September 14, his brigade mounted a stiff defense at Turners Gap during the Battle of South Mountain.   Three days later, Rodes men turned back Union assaults against the Sunken Road at the Battle of Antietam.   Wounded by shell fragments during the fighting, he remained at his post.   Later that fall, Rodes was present at the Battle of Fredericksburg, but his men were not engaged. Robert E. Rodes - Chancellorsville Gettysburg: In January 1863, Hill was transferred to North Carolina.   Though the corps commander, Jackson, desired to give command of the division to Edward Allegheny Johnson, this officer could not accept due to wounds sustained at McDowell.   As a result, the position fell to Rodes as the senior brigade commander in the division.   The first division commander in Lees army to not have attended West Point, Rodes repaid Jacksons confidence at the Battle of Chancellorsville in early May.   Spearheading Jacksons audacious flank attack against Major General Joseph Hookers Army of the Potomac, his division shattered Major General Oliver O. Howards XI Corps.   Severely wounded in the fighting, Jackson requested that Rodes be promoted to major general before dying on May 10. With the loss of Jackson, Lee reorganized the army and Rodes division moved into Ewells newly-formed Second Corps.   Advancing into Pennsylvania in June, Lee ordered his army to concentrate around Cashtown in early July.   Obeying this order, Rodes Division was moving south from Carlisle on July 1 when word was received of fighting at Gettysburg.   Arriving north of the town, he deployed his men on Oak Hill facing the right flank of Major General Abner Doubledays I Corps.   Through the day, he launched a series of disjointed attacks which suffered heavy losses before finally dislodging Brigadier General John C. Robinsons division and elements of XI Corps.   Pursuing the enemy south through the town, he halted his men before they could assault Cemetery Hill.   Though tasked with supporting attacks on Cemetery Hill the next day, Rodes and his men played little role in the rest of the battle. Robert E. Rodes - Overland Campaign: Active in the Bristoe and Mine Run Campaigns that fall, Rodes continued to lead his division in 1864.   In May, he helped opposed Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grants Overland Campaign at the Battle of the Wilderness where the division attacked Major General Gouverneur K. Warren V Corps.   A few days later, Rodes division took part in the savage fighting at the Mule Shoe Salient at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.   The remainder of May saw the division participate in the fighting at North Anna and Cold Harbor.   After reaching Petersburg in early June, Second Corps, now led by Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early, received orders to depart for the Shenandoah Valley. Robert E. Rodes - In the Shenandoah:         Tasked with defending the Shenandoah and drawing troops away from the siege lines at Petersburg, Early moved down (north) the valley sweeping aside Union forces.   Crossing the Potomac, he then sought to menace Washington, DC.   Marching east, he engaged Major General Lew Wallace at Monocacy on July 9.   In the fighting, Rodes men moved along the Baltimore Pike and demonstrated against Jug Bridge.   Overwhelming Wallaces command, Early then reached Washington and skirmished against Fort Stevens before withdrawing back into Virginia.   The efforts of Earlys troops had the desired effect as Grant dispatched sizable forces north with orders to eliminate the Confederate threat in the Valley. In September, Early found himself opposed by Major General Philip H. Sheridans Army of the Shenandoah.   Concentrating his forces at Winchester, he tasked Rodes with holding the Confederate center.   On September 19, Sheridan opened the Third Battle of Winchester and commenced a large-scale attack against the Confederate lines.   With Union troops driving back both of Earlys flanks, Rodes was cut down by an exploding shell as he worked to organize a counterattack.   Following the battle, his remains were taken back to Lynchburg where he was buried at the  Presbyterian Cemetery.         Ã‚   Selected Sources VMIs Civil War Generals: Robert E. RodesGettysburg Generals: Robert E. RodesNPS: Robert E. Rodes

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Discuss how structural and institutional factors in Britain and Essay

Discuss how structural and institutional factors in Britain and America may have limited the scope for improving corporate perfo - Essay Example Secondly, soft laws, which are encouraged by the highly influential Cadbury commission of institutional investors in the United Kingdom, which gets into contracts with portfolio companies. Thirdly, attention to issues of Corporate Social Responsibility, which is encouraged by â€Å"the Institutional Shareholders Committee, which represents over 80% of institutional investment in the UK† (Malhotra, 2009, p. 246). Institutional factors have a lot of influence on the performance of organizations. Limitations or possibilities for how and how quickly organizations can change depend on institutional factors. These â€Å"include factors such as to what degree policies-and the laws that formalize policies –are really driving actions of senior executives , civil servants and front line service providers† (Fowler, Acquaye-Baddoo, and Ubels, 2010, p.150), and how far a nation’s budget process is driven by interests of influential people or by policies. Presence or la ck of a positive relation between corporate governance and corporate financial performance has been used to test whether reforms in corporate governance have a positive impact on industries in Britain. According to Prasad â€Å"corporate governance refers to the relationship that exists between the different participants, and defining the direction and performance of a corporate firm† (2006, p.1). Corporate governance is vital in international business. Poor financial performance by corporate can be attributed to bad corporate governance. This can be seen in the case of the United States where â€Å"companies with weaker corporate governance structures (indicated by substantial agency problems) perform less well than companies with better corporate governance structures† (Solomon, 2010, n.p.). This can be clearly seen in the case of the United States where there is poor performance by companies with poor corporate governance structures, while those with good corporate governance structures perform well. Structural reforms in nations have had a number of benefits. Structural factors are important determinants of competitive business and growth prospects. Since the late 1970s, structural reforms have attracted a lot of attention by policy makers. In Britain, structural reforms began when the government â€Å"was under Mrs. Thatcher, it adopted a series of structural reforms to result in successfully reviving the British economy. The US government under President Regan followed Mrs. Thatcher’s policy by pursuing structural reforms and successfully rejuvenated the US economy† (OECD, 2005, p.24). In recent years, developed and developing countries have recognized the beneficial effects of structural reforms, and have therefore adopted them. Among these nations, some have successfully attained economic growth, while others haven’t been successful. From this it is clear that structural and institutional reforms can have positive or negative impacts on corporate performance in nations, which is among the factors that determine economic progress. Structural and Institutional Reforms in Britain and America